The first step is to remove your make-up. Most cleansers can’t completely wash away foundation and other cosmetics (especially if you use primers and setting sprays). Whether you prefer wipes of liquid make-up removers, remove that make-up!
How often you should wash your face is dependant on your skin. You must wash your face before you go to bed, but whether you face also needs morning cleansing or just a splash of water and day cream depends on you. For dry or sensitive skin once a day is enough as over washing can be very drying. For oily and acne-prone skin morning washing can be helpful. But you’ll have to figure out what benefits your skin the most. If you have very clogged pores try cleansing your skin in the shower. The steam can help loosen the grime in your pores.
You should exfoliate at least once a week to remove dead skin and give skin a good cleaning. Choosing a gentle exfoliater like a salicylic or glycolic acidcleanser is easier on skin then using a scrub. No matter what exfoliant you choose exfoliating helps prevent breakouts and reduce the signs of aging. You can exfoliate as much as 3 times a week or use a daily exfoliant. Again you have to decide what’s best for you. If you have sensitive skin you don’t want to exfoliate too much. Also our skin needs more exfoliating in the winter months compared to the summer. Using a facial brush on your skin can be great but it can also be harsh on your skin, you don’t need to use a brush on your skin everyday. Also if you’re using acids and retinols on your skin you need to be gentle to it so only brush your face a few times a week. And remember to keep that brush clean! Rinse and air-dry after use and replace the brush head every 3 months like you would your mascara.
You don’t need to use a toner. Alcohol based toners can give a clean “feeling” to the skin that may even tingle, this is bad! They are very drying and can strip your skin of it’s natural oils (which are good for your skin). If you want to tone your skin choose an alcohol-free version to help restore your skins pH balance.
Lastly moisturize! Cleansing and exfoliating skin is great but without maintaining your skins moisture balance all your hard work goes down the drain. I love cetaphil, but most moisturizers are okay for your skin. Again your going to have to figure out what works best for you. Of course using one with SPF during the day is a good idea as it helps prevent sunburns and premature aging and also helps to avoid acne scarring. And I can’t say this enough, you must apply your lotion/cream right after washing your face. Even a minute or two later can cause your skin to become dry which can lead to dullness and flakes.
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